Writing a major 7th chord

Ready to start writing chord progressions? Do not confuse the 7th degree of the chord with the 7th degree of the scale.

Any of the extension notes 9th, 11th and 13th can also be altered, something fairly common in jazz. For example, for a jazz song in the key of C, if the opening chord indicates "C" or "C Major", a jazz guitarist accompanying the singer may add the major seventh.

The distance between the bass and tenor can be of any reasonable interval never greater than two octaves. Smooth, sighing, hint of tension Major Minor Dominant: There are many variations to suspensions e.

If you want a Minor 7th on top of your C Minor chord you would write C min7; a minor chord with a minor 7th. In such cases, all Roman numerals are capital.

C" no chord after the G sus 4 chord is sounded for the first two beats. Like with a triad, the pitch classes belonging to a seventh chord occupy adjacent positions a four-pitch-class clump on the circle of thirds. However I included the chord names anyways because all the notes of that chord are sounding whether they were played at the same time or not.

Added tone chords[ edit ] Main article: This is a C Minor Seventh chord: Notice how the sus4 sounds more open and airy. Meanwhile a 3rd Inversion of the C Maj7 would have the B 7th of the chord as the lowest note.

Dominant Seventh Dominant seventh chords are considered to be strong and restless.

Music Theory/Complete List of Chord Patterns

Some musicians prefer to use Roman numerals only to reflect the scale-degree of the chord root. Voice Ranges Keep the top three voices within an octave of each other.

Only two upper voices will move in opposite direction to the bass. A three-note chord whose pitch classes can be arranged as thirds is called a triad. Your other variations would then be of course Major Minor also called a Dominant!

Notation must provide some way of showing that a chord is an added tone chord as opposed to extended.Constructing Major, Minor, Augmented and Diminished Triads If you want to know how to build interesting sounding chords you'll first need to understand how to construct triads.

Triads are in fact chords and familiarizing yourself them will make writing chord progressions and extended chord voicings easier later on.

Different Chord Types, How They Sound, and How to Build Them

The major seventh chord, sometimes also called a Delta chord, can be written as maj 7, M 7, Δ, ⑦, 7+, etc. It can be represented by the integer notation {0, 4, 7, 11}.

In the case where the seventh note is a minor seventh above the root, it is instead called a dominant seventh chord. A seventh chord is a triad with an added note, which is either a major seventh above the root, a minor seventh above the root (flatted 7th), or a diminished seventh above the root (double flatted 7th).

When writing Major Seventh chords, add all sharps or flats which are contained in the Major key signature of the root. Ex: Major seventh Chord on D D, F#, A, C#. The same principles that can be applied to seventh chords apply to minor and major 7th chords.

For instance, you can have a minor 13th: 1 ♭3 (5) ♭7 9 11 The notes added are always the same: ninth, eleventh, and/or thirteenth, not augmented or diminished. Because minor scales offer some flexibility in the sixth and seventh notes of the scale, you have more chord possibilities to account for.

For example, in a C natural minor scale, the chord built on the seventh note would be Bb major, but if you’re writing in the harmonic minor scale, that seventh chord would be a diminished B chord (B°).

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Writing a major 7th chord
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