After a week or two of mourning the body was wrapped in mats and buried in a cave, in a tree, or in the ground. Tapu was in one sense a religious or superstitious restriction, and all who violated it were doomed to be overcome at least by misfortune, at worst by death. The taiaha of the man lies on the ground to the left.
I am greatly distressed. Shamans rather than priests served the family gods whom they communicated with through spirit possession and sorcery. They are typified by their "humility, leadership, diplomacy, generosity, integrity and honesty" p.
Whalers and sealers were common visitors to New Zealand in the s and their relations with the Maori were generally unfriendly and often violent. In this way limited resources were widely spread and the practice of increasing the generosity of the gifts ensured that trade was continually expanding.
The Maori are the indigenous inhabitants of New Zealand. The preferred wood for carving was, and still is, totara, a wood both durable yet comparatively soft. Haumia, the god of uncultivated food; Rongo, the god of peace and agriculture; Ruaumoko, the god of earthquakes; Tawhirimatea, the god of weather; Tane, the father of humans and god of forests; Tangaroa, the god of the sea; Tu-matauenga, the war god; and Whiro, the god of darkness and evil.
The Coming of the Maori.
Each hapu had a chief from the rangatira. A warrior then dances out towards the visitors, places an object such as a stick on the ground before them, and taunts them with war-like gestures from his taiaha spear.
Marriages were nearly always between members of the same tribe and often between Members of the same hapu. Important mechanical aids were wedges, skids, lifting tackles, fire ploughs, and cord drills.
Food was often stored in specially designated structures pataka that stood on short legs possibly to keep rats away. The largest of these vessels, the waka pahi, was over 12 metres long, and was used for voyages to gather albatross chicks from offshore islands.
The clan or sub-tribe was composed of a number of family groups, and the sum of the clans hapu formed the tribe. Tapu emanated from the gods and with only the atua gods shielding humans from the forces of evil it was not to be taken lightly.
Children were greatly desired and commonly adopted from relatives. Conflict between different hapu and different tribes was common and often led to warfare. Between the poupou are usually tukutuku panels woven in geometric designs from flax and reeds. The individual carvings, too, are heavy with symbolism and may depict a variety of tribal ancestors, mythical figures and occasionally gods, each intimately related to the tribe.Maori Culture.
Maori History. Maori also attacked another indigenous people called the Moriori which all but wiped them out. After the Musket Wars there was a period of relative peace until when the New Zealand Wars broke out due to land disputes which lasted till These wars were initially fought between British troops and Māori.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Chapter 2 Summary. and its influence on shaping society. The Moriori helped him to conclude that environment shapes culture, and the Maori. In Chapter 2, Diamond uses the case of the Maori and the Moriori as an excellent example of how our natural environment impacts our level of technological sophistication.
Even though the two societies had only been separated for years, the radically different environment of the Chatham islands clearly displays the role that environment.
In Maori society, tattooing, carving and weaving were developed arts, and their war chants (haka) are still kept alive. Since the s, Maori political activity increased, and some of their land has been restored to them.
the care and respect for customary resources and the environment (Hauraki Maori Trust Board, ). Some key Maori values that are interwoven within the concept of tikanga are described below. Ritenga Ritenga are the inherent laws, rules, regulations, protocols, and obligations that include tapu, noa, and rahui.
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