Existing treatments often combine discussions of safety with discussions of liability—the question of who should pay for harms that products cause—and tend to be found in business ethics textbooks. For MacIntyre, there are certain goods internal to practices, and certain virtues are necessary to achieve those goods.
We can amass all the reasons we want, but that alone will not constitute a moral assessment. I will not consider such questions here. Given their training in the social sciences, management scholars treat ethics largely as a descriptive enterprise, i. The first two principles, personal benefit and social benefit, are consequentialist since they appeal to the consequences of an action as it affects the individual or society.
More than one source may be used to gather evidence for each indicator. Judgements Judgments are statements about the merit, worth, or significance of the program. A doctor in a community clinic owning an interest in a specialty medical practice to which he refers patients from the clinic.
Donaldson is a leading voice on this question, in work done independentlyand with Dunfee Feinberg called it the harm principle: This view comes in two versions. The difference depends on what kind of information the stakeholders want and the situation in which it is gathered.
One is establishing the connection between meaningless work and autonomous choice or another intellectual faculty. Firms such as BP can be legally required to pay restitution for harms they cause even if they are not morally responsible for them.
Stockholder theory, by contrast, is the theory that managers have obligations—conceived as fiduciary duties—only to stockholder interests.
Examples of indicators include: That is, they reflect the aspects of the program that are most meaningful to monitor. More writers argue for shareholder primacy on consequentialist grounds. Building on MacIntyre, Moore develops the idea that business is a practice, and thus has certain goods internal to it, the attainment of which requires the cultivation of business virtues.
A variety of proposals regarding the limits of beneficence have been made by philosophers, but no agreement on even a general principle exists. The buyer is free to make the purchase or not make it. Some are only issues of social policy. What are the ethical issues that need to be considered, and how do they play out in community interventions?
They try to answer questions like: But there is disagreement about what counts as waste. Types of Utilitarianism Jeremy Bentham presented one of the earliest fully developed systems of utilitarianism.
Ross, which emphasizes prima facie duties. As with certain cases of political CSR, we may applaud the results of this kind of political activity.
Quality Quality refers to the appropriateness and integrity of information gathered in an evaluation. They can also address intermediary factors that influence program effectiveness, including such intangible factors as service quality, community capacity, or inter -organizational relations.Start studying Ethics 1.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Ethical theory. evaluation ethical egoism. is done by: grounding in psychological egoism - consitency or coherence.
Chapter 1: Introduction to Environmental Science. An evaluation by other specialists in the field, who provide comments and criticism. Theory.
A widely accepted, well-tested explanation of one or more cause-and-effect relationships The application of ethical standards to environmental questions and decisions. (ex: do we have an.
Both of these components can be subject to ethical evaluation. do not meet their stated criteria (Mayer & Cava ).
Other writers focus on the application of Donaldson and Dunfee’s theory, arguing that it does not give managers the specific guidance it claims to (Soule ). Strudler,“The Ethical and Environmental Limits. The Nature of Morality and Moral Theories. The words "moral" and "ethics" (and cognates) are often used interchangeably.
from theory to applied issue.Ý Sometimes a case may suggest that we need to change or adjust our thinking about what moral theory we think is the best, or perhaps it might lead us to think that a preferred theory needs.
They are recommended as the initial criteria by which to judge the quality of the program evaluation efforts. The propriety standards ensure that the evaluation is an ethical one, conducted with regard for the rights and interests of those involved. A minimalist theory of evaluation: the least theory that practice requires.
American. 1. The Concepts of Beneficence and Benevolence. The term beneficence connotes acts of mercy, kindness, and charity. It is suggestive of altruism, love, humanity, and promoting the good of others.
In ordinary language, the notion is broad, but it is understood even more broadly in ethical theory to include effectively all forms of action intended to benefit or promote the good of other persons.Download