When Gandhi embarked on the Dandi Salt March that inaugurated the Salt Satyagraha inAzad organised and led the nationalist raid, albeit non-violent on the Dharasana salt works to protest the salt tax and restriction of its production and sale.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad tried to convince his colleagues to shed their hostility towards Muslims.
He nominated Nehru, who replaced him as Congress president and led the Congress into the interim government. He became involved with the Indian freedom struggle through the Non-cooperation movement initiated by Gandhi, of which the Khilafat issue was a big part of. Inthe government banned this paper too and expelled Maulana Abul Kalam Azad from Calcutta and interned him at Ranchi from where he was released after the First World War in I am indispensable to this noble edifice and without me this splendid structure is incomplete.
He helped in establishing the refugee camps and ensured uninterrupted supply of food and other basic materials. Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims in India, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the Punjab, guiding the organisation of Maulana abdul kalam azad camps, supplies and security.
Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in BengalBihar and Bombay now called Mumbai.
He was taught at home, first by his father and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields. Just two days later, the British arrested Azad and the entire Congress leadership. He also learnt English language, world history, and politics on his own. See Article History Alternative Titles: Azad found that the revolutionary activities were restricted to Bengal and Bihar.
Azad started a new journal, the Al-Balagh, which increased its active support for nationalist causes and communal unity. In response, the Congress and other political parties appointed a commission under Motilal Nehru to propose constitutional reforms from Indian opinions.
The Indian public had been angered by the passage of the Rowlatt Acts inwhich severely restricted civil liberties and individual rights. After the two separate countries were established, he served as minister of education in the Indian government of Jawaharlal Nehru from until his death.
Although Azad and other leaders were soon arrested, the movement drew out millions of people in peaceful processions, strikes and protests.
Azad gave speeches to large crowds encouraging peace and calm in the border areas and encouraging Muslims across the country to remain in India and not fear for their safety and security. With the onset of World War Ithe British stiffened censorship and restrictions on political activity.
Azad, inspired by the passion of Indian as well as foreign revolutionary leaders, started publishing a weekly called "Al-Hilal" in The book is primarily an Urdu language book; however, there are over five hundred of couplets, mostly in Persian and Arabic languages.
November 11, Died: Liberalism; right-winged; Egalitarian Religious views: In face of increasing popular disenchantment with the British across India, Gandhi and Patel advocated an all-out rebellion demanding immediate independence.
He began to spin his own clothes using khadi on the charkhaand began frequently living and participating in the ashrams organised by Gandhi.
His erudition led him to repudiate Taqliq or the tradition of conformity and accept the principle of Tajdid or innovation. He was put in Meerut jail for a year and a half. However, each year on 26 Januarywhich was then considered Poorna Swaraj Complete Independence Day, the leaders would gather to remember their cause and pray together.
During the Sepoy Mutinyhe left India and settled in Mecca. This detention continued till December 31, Azad served as president of the Unity Conference in Delhi, using his position to work to re-unite the Swarajists and the Khilafat leaders under the common banner of the Congress.
Inhe returned to Calcutta now Kolkata along with the family.Abul Kalam Azad, original name Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad, (born November 11,Mecca [now in Saudi Arabia]—died February 22,New Delhi, India), Islamic theologian who was one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement against British rule in the first half of.
Here is a brief biography and history of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Read information on life of Indian freedom fighter Maulana Azad.
Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC) is a medical college in New Delhi, India affiliated to University of Delhi and run by the Delhi government. It is named after Indian freedom fighter and first education minister of independent India Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. The Foundation was established on the occasion of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's birth centenary celebrations.
His eventful life was packed with outstanding achievements in the diverse fields. He was towering figure on the Indian political scene and a scholar rated high in the realms of Urdu Literature.
MAEF and rest nine members are nominated. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a well-known and influential independence activist during India’s freedom struggle.
Let’s have a look at his childhood, freedom struggle,life history and achievements.Download