For STAKEto understand the case "requires experiencing the activity of the case as it occurs in its context and in its particular situation" p. We end with a summary of the common characteristics of case study research and a table that brings together the fundamental elements that we found common in all case study approaches to research.
While objectivity is a goal, YIN also recognizes the descriptive and interpretive elements of case study. Case study research methodology qualitative selecting a case for a case study, researchers will therefore use information-oriented sampling, as opposed to random sampling.
Selection of cases is based on the purpose of the research and related to the theoretical propositions about the topic of interest.
The procedure has the pretension to be inter-subjectively comprehensible, to compare the results with other studies in the sense of triangulation and to carry out checks for reliability.
Third, direct observation tends to be more focused than participant observation. For instance, one might observe child-mother interactions under specific circumstances in a laboratory setting from behind a one-way mirror, looking especially for the nonverbal cues being used.
When used in non-business education and professional development, case studies are often referred to as critical incidents. Its development Section 4. These are condensed case studies performed before implementing a large scale investigation.
MAYRING, a,   The main idea of the procedure is to formulate a criterion of definition, derived from the theoretical background and the research question, which determines the aspects of the textual material taken into account.
Their basic function is to help identify questions and select types of measurement prior to the main investigation. A critical case allows the following type of generalization: However, the direct observer does strive to be as unobtrusive as possible so as not to bias the observations.
There is no single way to conduct a case study, and a combination of methods e. The simplest type of evaluation consequently consists of counting the numbers of occurrences per category assuming there is a relationship between frequency of content and meaning.
As a first step a lexico-grammatical definition is attempted, then the material for explication is determined, and this is followed by a narrow context analysis, and a broad context analysis.
Consequently, technology can be a useful part of direct observation. There are substantial methodological differences between these approaches. Or, put the other way round: Construct validity; external validity; reliability.
Standards, challenges and guidelines. The generalizations from teaching case studies also may relate to pedagogical issues rather than the substance of the case being studied. Second, the interviewer is free to move the conversation in any direction of interest that may come up.
Results In total, studies were included in the results.Flyvbjerg, Five Misunderstandings About Case-study research, 5 Phenomenological studies of human learning indicate that for adults there exists a qualitative. There are a wide variety of methods that are common in qualitative measurement.
In fact, the methods are largely limited by the imagination of the researcher. The Forum for African Women Educationalists (FAWE) and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) A Guide to Gender-Sensitive Research Methodology. Case Study Research and Applications: Design and Methods [Robert K.
Yin] on mint-body.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Recognized as one of the most cited methodology books in the social sciences. Volume 7, No. 1, Art. 21 – January The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research.
Abstract: This paper aims at exploring and discussing the possibilities of applying qualitative content analysis as a (text) interpretation method in case study research. First, case study research as a research strategy within qualitative social research.
The case study as a type of qualitative research 29 Introduction Case studies were one of the first types of research to be used in the field of qualitative 1methodology.Download